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TITLE Effect of fermentation of chosen vegetables on the nutrient, mineral, and biocomponent profile in human and animal nutrition
AUTHOR Piotr Kiczorowski, Bożena Kiczorowska, Wioletta Samolińska, Marek Szmigielski & Anna Winiarska-Miecz
YEAR 2022
JOURNAL Scientific Reports
ABSTRACT

In the present study, the dry matter, crude ash, crude protein, ether extract, and energy, macro- (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P), micro- (Zn, Cu, Fe) minerals, heavy metals (Pb, Cd), vitamin C, A, carotene, and phenolic content were determined in chosen raw and fermented vegetables. The dietary intake of several macro- and microconstituents per one serving (100 g or humans and animals: ducks and pigs) was calculated. The fermentation process was found to reduce water and increase fat content in the vegetables. Lower levels of vitamin C and phenols were also found in the fermented vegetables. The vitamin A and carotene content in the fermented carrots and peppers were increased in comparison with the raw vegetables. The fermentation process decreased the concentration of some basic nutrients, mineral content, vitamins C and A, and phenols. Broccoli, peppers, and red beet had the highest levels of the analyzed nutrients and bioconstituents. The fermentation process is regarded by nutritionists as beneficial to human health. The addition of fermented plants is recommended in animal nutrition as well. This process modifies the chemical composition of preserved vegetables, e.g. it reduces the concentration of dietary fiber, and brings favorable effects in poultry and pig nutrition.

 
FULL ARTICLE https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-022-17782-z#citeas
INSTRUMENT HPLC PDA Detector(MD-910)
KEYWORDS Fats, Health care, Metals, Nutrition, Plant sciences, Proteins
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